'''Henry Steele Commager''' (October 25, 1902 – March 2, 1998) was an American historian
. As one of the most active and prolific liberal intellectuals of his time, with 40 books and 700 essays and reviews, he helped define modern liberalism in the United States
[Neil Jumonville, ''Henry Steele Commager: Midcentury Liberalism and the History of the Present'' (1999)]
In the 1940s and 1950s, Commager was noted for his campaigns against McCarthyism
and other abuses of government power. With his Columbia University
colleague Allan Nevins
, Commager helped to organize academic support for Adlai Stevenson II|Adlai E. Stevenson
in 1952 and 1956, and John F. Kennedy
in 1960. He opposed the Vietnam War
and was an outspoken critic of Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson
, Richard Nixon
, and Ronald Reagan
and what he viewed as their abuses of presidential power.
His principal scholarly works were his...